Spring Triticale is a spring biotype of the hybrid cross between cereal rye and wheat. It is commonly planted as a hay or haylage crop and can produce high levels of dry matter under challenging conditions. It is later maturing than oats or barley and will maintain its forage quality for an extended harvest window. Crude protein levels of triticale hay or silage are comparable to other small grain forages, but may be 1-2 percent higher. The high yield potential and forage quality has made Spring Triticale an increasingly popular option for a wide range of livestock producers. Spring Triticale is a drought tolerant plant that performs well in limited moisture environments. It does well in a wide range of soil conditions including lighter soils or areas with low to moderate levels of salinity.
Drilled Seeding Rate: 80-100 lbs/acre
- Planting Time: Early Spring
- Triticale can tolerate any light frost that may occur after planting.
- Drilled Seeding Rate: 80-100 lbs/acre
- Ideal Drilled Seeding Depth: 1.5″-2”
Use the fertilizer rates below for maximum yield potential:
|Recommended Application Rate (Lbs/acre)|
|Soil Fertility Level||Nitrogen (N)||Phosphorus (P2O5)||Potassium (K2O)|
*Rates are recommended if no soil test is taken.
- Apply ½ rate of nitrogen at planting, and the other ½ rate during mid- to late-tillering.
- Do not exceed a total of 25 lbs/a of N+K if fertilizer is placed in-furrow.
Plant into a clean, weed-free seedbed and use the herbicide options below for optimal weed control:
|Timing||Herbicide||Rate||Notes||Weeds Controlled||Control Method|
|Preemergence||Sharpen (Saflufenacil)||1-2 oz/a||Apply after planting and before crop emergence||Broadleaves||Contact & Residual|
|Makaze (Glyphosate)||32 oz/a||Apply any time before crop emergence||Grasses & Broadleaves||Contact|
|Postemergence||Prowl H2O (Pendimethalin)||1.5-3 pts/a||Apply from first leaf stage to prior flag leaf emergence||Grasses & Broadleaves||Residual|
|Starane Flex (Florasulam + Fluroxypyr)||13.5 oz/a||Apply from 3-leaf stage up to flag leaf emergence||Broadleaves||Contact|
|Broclean (Bromoxynil)||1.5-2 pts/a||Apply from emergence to boot stage||Broadleaves||Contact|
|Huskie (Pryasulfotole + Bromoxynil)||11-15 oz/a||Apply between the 1-leaf stage up to flag leaf emergence||Broadleaves||Contact|
*Always read and follow label instructions before application.
Disclaimer: All products and rates were provided by university-based sources and product labels. Always follow label instructions and consult your local chemical dealer and seed dealer before making any applications or planting of seed.
- Triticale should be cut for hay or silage at any point from the late boot stage through the soft dough stage of the grain.
- Cutting earlier will result in higher quality forage while cutting later will produce higher dry matter yields.
- Triticale is safe to graze if other harvest options become limited.
- Spring Triticale is commonly followed with a second forage crop such as hay millet, sorghum-sudangrass, or grazing cover crop mixtures.