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- Planting Time:
- Early Spring: after hard freezing conditions have ended.
- Fall: Allow 4-6 Weeks of growth before first killing frost
- Seeding Rate: 10-12 lbs./acre
- Ideal Seed Depth: ¼” – ½”
- Seed should be drilled into a firm seedbed or broadcasted and packed.
- If soil fertility levels are low, consider applying 25-50 lbs/acre of nitrogen when the crop reaches late-tillering.
- If reduced crop growth is experienced after continuous grazing and/or harvesting, consider applying fertilizer or manure with rates
based on expected yield goals and soil fertility levels.
- 1 ton of forage requires approximately 45 lbs of N, 15 lbs of P2O5, 50 lbs of K₂O, and 5 lbs of S.
- If weeds are present at planting, consider applying glyphosate before or after planting if drilled, but before crop emergence to
control existing weeds. Do not apply glyphosate after planting if crop is broadcasted and not incorporated.
- If heavy weed pressure is present after crop emergence, mow weeds to the height of the crop until the weed pressure subsides.
- Nurse Crops: Spring seedings can be planted with a small grain nurse crop such as oats, barley, or spring triticale. If planting with a
nurse crop, use 1/3–½ seeding rates of the nurse crop to avoid over competing with grass and alfalfa.
- Cutting newly seeded grass and alfalfa after about 60–75 days of growth will help control weeds without harming the stand. Cut
at a height no lower than 3″–4″ to allow for quick regrowth of grasses and alfalfa.