Proso Millet is a fast maturing, warm-season annual grass. Commonly used for grain production, Proso Millet is also suitable for haying when growing seasons are limited. It is a shorter species of millet that will grow rapidly during hot summer conditions. Proso Millet will tolerate a wide range of soils type and is very drought hardy when planted on lighter ground, in dry conditions.
Drilled Seeding Rate: 20-25 lbs/acre
- Planting Time: Late Spring – Mid Summer
- Millet needs a minimum soil temperature of 60 degrees to germinate
- Drilled Seeding Rate: 20-25 lbs/acre
- Ideal Seed Depth: 1/2” – ¾”
- Millet can also be broadcast and rolled or packed to gain seed to soil contact
Use the fertilizer rates below for maximum yield potential:
|Recommended Application Rate (Lbs/acre)|
|Soil Fertility Level||Nitrogen (N)||Phosphorus (P2O5)||Potassium (K2O)|
*Rates are recommended if no soil test is taken.
- Apply ½ rate of nitrogen before or immediately after planting, and the other ½ rate 30 days after emergence
- If crop is intended for multiple cuttings, split apply the total rates recommended between each cutting
- Do not exceed a total of 10 lbs/a of N+K if fertilizer is placed in-furrow at planting
Plant into a clean, weed-free seed bed and use the herbicide options below for optimal weed control:
|Timing||Herbicide||Rate||Notes||Weeds Controlled||Control Method|
|Preplant or Preemergence||Makaze (Glyphosate)||32 oz/a||Apply any time before crop emergence||Grasses & Broadleaves||Contact|
|Post- emergence||Comet (Fluroxypyr)||0.5-0.67 pts/a||Apply between the 2-leaf stage and before early boot stage||Broadleaves||Contact|
|2,4-D Amine (2,4-D)||0.5-1 pt/a||Apply from 5-leaf stage to early boot stage||Broadleaves||Contact|
*Always read and follow label instructions before application.
Disclaimer: All products and rates were provided by university-based sources and product labels. Always follow label instructions and consult your local chemical dealer and seed dealer before making any applications or planting of seed.
- Proso Millet should be cut for hay between late boot stage and early seedhead emergence.
- Harvest can be delayed until millet is more mature, but palatability declines significantly with mature seedheads.
- Anti-Quality Factors: Millets are less likely to have high levels of nitrates than other warm-season forages such as sorghum. Under drought conditions, nitrate levels may rise and caution should be used if haying or grazing. There are no prussic acid concerns with millets.