Teff Grass proves that the height of a forage, doesn’t dictate yield. In 2019, Teff Grass was one of the best available options for producers to plant on prevented plant acres, that could be harvested in early September. Teff can be planted in late May, allowing for as many as three harvests in a year. If planted later, there’s still time for one large cutting of hay that will dry down easily and is high in crude protein.
Drilled Seeding Rate: 8-10 lbs/acre
- Planting Time: Late Spring – Mid Summer
- Teff Grass needs a minimum soil temperature of 60-65 degrees to germinate. It is extremely sensitive to cold and a light frost will kill it.
- Drilled Seeding Rate: 8-10 lbs/acre
- Ideal Seed Depth: ¼”
- Seedbed preparation is crucial with Teff Grass. It should be drilled or broadcast onto a firm seedbed absolutely no deeper than ½” much like alfalfa.
Use the fertilizer rates below for maximum yield potential:
|Recommended Application Rate (Lbs/acre)|
|Soil Fertility Level||Nitrogen (N)||Phosphorus (P2O5)||Potassium (K2O)|
*Rates are recommended if no soil test is taken.
- Apply ½ rate of nitrogen before or immediately after planting, and the other ½ rate when the crop is at the late-tillering stage to maximize first cutting growth.
- If crop is intended for multiple cuttings, split apply the recommended rate between each cutting.
- Do not exceed a total of 10 lbs/a of N+K if fertilizer is placed in-furrow at planting.
- Plant into a clean, weed-free seedbed.
- If weeds are present at planting, consider applying Glyphosate @ 32 oz/acre before or after planting but before crop emergence to control existing weeds.
- There are no labeled herbicide options to control weeds after the crop has emerged, but if a broadleaf herbicide is applied, it should not occur until the crop has at least 5-7 leaves.
- Always read and follow label instructions before applying any herbicide.
*Always read and follow label instructions before making an applications.
All products and rates were provided by university-based sources and product labels. Always follow label instructions and consult your local chemical dealer and seed dealer before making any applications or planting of seed.
- Teff is usually ready for a first cutting 45-50 days after planting
- Cut prior to full seedhead emergence and leave 3-4” of stubble for optimal regrowth
- Late boot stage up until the first ~10% of the field has emerged seedheads is a good target
- Subsequent cuttings are usually about 30 days apart and should be managed like the first
- The last flush of growth before a frost may not justify harvest and is commonly grazed
- If grazing, allow enough time for Teff to establish its shallow root system before exposing it to livestock. This is usually when there is at least 15” of top growth.
- Teff Grass has little issue with anti-quality factors such as nitrate toxicity and should be considered safe forage for livestock under most conditions.