Japanese Millet

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Japanese Millet is a warm-season annual grass commonly grown for forage. It grows up to 5’ tall and has a slightly coarser stem than other hay millets. It is extremely quick growing and can be ready to cut for hay within 50 days of planting. It also displays good regrowth persistence in a multi-cut haying or grazing scenario. Japanese millet can be easily cured for hay and will have forage quality similar to other millet or small grain hay. Japanese Millet is relatively drought tolerant and will grow rapidly during hot summer conditions. It has much better tolerance to flooding than other summer annual forages and can grow in heavy, wet soils. Japanese Millet also has a higher level of saline tolerance than other millets.

Drilled Seeding Rate: 20-25 lbs/acre

Product Guide

Planting

  • Planting Time: Late Spring – Mid Summer
    • Millet needs a minimum soil temperature of 60 degrees to germinate.
  • Drilled Seeding Rate: 20-25 lbs/acre
  • Ideal Seed Depth: 1/2” – ¾”
    • Millet can also be broadcasted and rolled or packed to gain seed to soil contact.

Fertility

Use the fertilizer rates below for maximum yield potential:

  Recommended Application Rate (Lbs/acre)
Soil Fertility Level Nitrogen (N) Phosphorus (P2O5) Potassium (K2O)
High 15 0 0
Medium 25 25 20
Low 40 40 55

*Rates are recommended if no soil test is taken.

  • Apply ½ rate of nitrogen before or immediately after planting, and the other ½ rate 30 days after emergence.
  • If crop is intended for multiple cuttings, split apply the total rates recommended between each cutting.
  • Do not exceed a total of 10 lbs/a of N+K if fertilizer is placed in-furrow at planting.

Weed Control

Plant into a clean, weed-free seedbed and use the herbicide options below for optimal weed control:

Timing Herbicide Rate Notes Weeds Controlled Control Method
Preplant or Preemergence Makaze (Glyphosate) 32 oz/a Apply any time before crop emergence Grasses & Broadleaves Contact
Post- emergence Comet (Fluroxypyr) 0.5-0.67 pts/a Apply between the 2-leaf stage and before early boot stage Broadleaves Contact
2,4-D Amine (2,4-D) 0.5-1 pt/a Apply from 5-leaf stage to early boot stage Broadleaves Contact

Disclaimer: All products and rates were provided by university-based sources and product labels. Always follow label instructions and consult your local chemical dealer and seed dealer before making any applications or planting of seed.

Harvest Management

  • If managing for multiple cuttings of hay, cut Japanese Millet in the boot stage of maturity or earlier and leave 4” of stubble to allow the best regrowth.
  • If managing for a single cutting, cut in the late boot stage through early seedhead emergence for high yield without sacrificing quality.
  • In a grazing system, begin grazing before any seedheads have emerged and graze to a minimum stubble height of 4” before removing livestock and allowing regrowth.
  • Anti-Quality Factors: Millets are less likely to have high levels of nitrates than other warm-season forages such as sorghum. Under drought conditions, nitrate levels may rise and caution should be used if haying or grazing. There are no prussic acid concerns with millets.

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